Diabetic retinopathy represents a high risk for diabetic patients and must be treated by an ophthalmologist.
Preventive eye care for diabetes mellitus
Untreated diabetic retinopathy can lead to blindness. Therefore, diabetic retinopathy is a high risk for diabetic patients. Regular check-ups with an ophthalmologist are strongly recommended for all diabetic patients. Diabetic retinopathy can be diagnosed and observed very accurately by looking at the retina with appropriate equipment and also with fundus photography. With modern laser technology, the specialised ophthalmologist can treat the retina and stop or regulate the vascular changes in most cases.
Treatment options for myopia
Diabetes as a retinal risk
Diabetic eye disease often shows no symptoms for a long time, although the disease progresses anyway. Diabetes can cause damage to your retina in the eye. Both type 1 and type 2 diabetes can cause damage to the small (capillary) vessels that supply blood to the retina.
There is an increased risk of retinal damage:
- a strongly elevated long-term blood sugar level
- longer duration of diabetes disease
- high blood pressure
A diabetic retinopathy can have serious consequences. This can cause bleeding inside the eye, which is fed by the newly formed vessels. In addition, membranes may form that gradually lift the retina from its base.
Causes of diabetic retinopathy
- Long-term high blood sugar levels damage the tiny blood vessels in the retina (microangiopathy).
- Hemorrhages in the retina due to fragile vessels
- Fats and proteins from the blood settle inside the eye.
Prevention through regular retinal check-ups
Diabetes-related changes of the retina and retinal vessels, especially peripheral vascular damage, can remain "invisible" to affected people for a long time. However, the earlier diabetic retinopathy or diabetic macular edema is detected, the sooner vision can be stabilized.
With regular ophthalmological check-ups the retina can be continuously monitored.
If you have an eye disease caused by diabetes, laser treatment can help. Laser treatment is usually carried out on an outpatient basis.
The laser therapy is performed under local anaesthesia and is largely painless. The laser is used to burn (coagulate) altered areas of the retina. Several sessions over a period of four to six weeks may be necessary.
The treatment of diabetic retinal diseases aims at limiting the loss of visual acuity.
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